Science and Mathematics Education at UNSW focuses on increasing the students’ pedagogical content knowledge to enable them to teach effectively in these discipline areas. This is intended to address the decline in student uptake of science and mathematics at senior secondary and tertiary education levels. Students are required to critically analyse current research findings and theories related to scientific and mathematical literacy, and the role of the teacher as mediator and facilitator of students’ knowledge construction. Students learn about contemporary approaches to teaching and learning, the role of ICT in science and maths education, formal and informal education; inclusive education, technology-society and trends (national and international) in school curriculum and assessment. Approaches to research in science and maths education range from experimental studies though to qualitative case studies, ethnographic research and participant inquiry.